The working principle of wind turbines involves capturing wind energy and converting it into power. We can simply summarize it into two main parts: wind energy capture and power conversion.
First, wind turbines operate by capturing wind energy. It uses the power of the wind to push the rotating blades. The sharp edge and design of the turbine make the wind be guided and turned sideways, which makes the blades of the turbine rotate. The tail of the turbine is designed to ensure the smooth passage of wind energy and keep the blades rotating.
Secondly, the rotating turbine converts power into electricity through the magnet rotor. Inside the turbine, there is a magnet rotor attached to the shaft. When the turbine rotates, the magnet rotor rotates with it. In the generator part of the turbine, this rotating magnet rotor is connected to the generator. By rotating the magnet rotor, current is generated in the generator. This current can be sent to the wires to supply electricity to homes, garages or energy storage systems (such as batteries).
The working principle of wind turbines is based on the process of capturing wind energy and converting it into electricity. It is an engineering application using scientific principles and materials science. By understanding how turbines capture wind energy and convert it into electricity, we can better understand the working principle of wind turbines and their importance in renewable energy.